1942 as a turning point in the war

In November 1942, after the defeat of El Alamein and the victory of General Bernard Montgomery and the 8th Army on General Irwin Rommel and the African-Crops Forces, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill declared:

"The Germans have received that measure of fire and steel which they have so often meted out to others.[...] Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning."

At the same time, thousands of kilometers away, the Soviet counterattack against the Germans began in Stalingrad, making 1942 a turning point in World War II.

In November 2012, 70 years later, Yad Vashem held an international conference dedicated to these turning points.

At the documentation center, we had the privilege of taking part in organizing the conference and we are pleased to present some of its lectures on North Africa.



Prof. Haim Saadun, Ben-Zvi Institute and Open University of Israel
 Jewish Leadership During and After Operation Torch 

Profesir Meir Zamir, 

Moroccan Sultan's Ties with Germany After Operation Torch

 Profesor Gerhard Weinberg,
From Allied Defeat to Allied Victory


 Profesor Simon Epstein,
Impact of the Algiers Cataclysm on the Vichy Regime


Yossi Brill,
Last Days of German Officers in Tunisia in WWII